Manitoba Immigration Facts Report 2019

Introduction

Immigration remains a key driver of economic and population growth in Manitoba. In 2019, Manitoba recorded the highest number of permanent resident landings in decades. Immigrants are making significant contributions to changing demographics, adding to Manitoba's pool of skilled labour, and shaping our province's social and cultural landscape. Manitoba is proud to be among the top destinations of choice for immigrants to Canada.

Note: Data in this report was created by the Province of Manitoba using IRCC Q4 2019 and Q4 2020 immigration data and has been approved by IRCC for public release. Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as "--". This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when IRCC data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated. Data are preliminary and subject to change.

1. Immigration Trends

By July 1, 2019, Manitoba was estimated to have more than 1.37 million people, an increase of 1.19% over 2018 representing about 3.6% of Canada's total population of approximately 37.59 million. In 2019, 18, 910 permanent residents chose Manitoba as their immigration destination. This represents 5.5% of total immigration to Canada. This is an increase over 2018 landings by 3,675 people.

Table 1: Permanent Immigration to Manitoba in the Past Decade

 Category2010201120122013201420152016201720182019Total
Sponsored Family1,4501,4901,8002,0001,8451,8502,3752,4752,7453,16021,190
Skilled Workers9056206606203957154902955406205,860
Provincial Nominee12,18012,3559,5408,87012,19510,2609,9609,4309,89512,545107,230
Other Economic2001901451302702702403304354802,690
Refugee1,0301,3051,1451,4751,5151,7653,7352,1351,5652,04517,715
Other50204550303525355050390
Total15,81515,98013,33513,14516,25014,89516,82514,70015,23018,900155,075

In 2019, Canada welcomed 341,175 new permanent residents. By immigration category, the largest groups were, family class (26.8%), skilled workers (22.8%), provincial nominees (20.1%) and other economic immigrants (20.1%) and other economic immigrants (14.7%).

Table 2: Immigration to Canada in the Past Decade

Category2010201120122013201420152016201720182019Total
Sponsored Family65,55061,33069,87083,37567,64565,48578,00082,47085,17091,310750,205
Skilled Workers119,38088,76091,41583,22567,57570,13565,61047,41571,23577,855782,605
Provincial Nominee36,43538,42040,88539,90547,62544,53546,18049,73062,44068,645474,800
Other Economic31,14028,91028,45525,13049,99055,75044,24062,14552,69050,155428,605
Refugee24,67027,88023,08524,00523,46031,61558,55041,12045,49548,530348,410
Other3,5153,4004,0653,4004,0054,3153,7903,6304,0254,68038,825
Total280,690248,700257,775259,040260,300271,835296,370286,510321,055341,1752,823,450

2. Immigration Levels

Immigration to Canada increased 6.2% from 321,055 in 2018 to 341,175 in 2019 – the highest number of permanent residents since 1913.

Table 3: Canada Permanent Residents by Immigration Category

Immigration Category 2017 2018 2019
Sponsored Family 82,470 28.8% 85,170 26.5% 91,310 26.8%
Skilled Workers 47,415 16.5% 71,235 22.2% 77,855 22.8%
Other Federal Economic 62,145 21.7% 52,690 19.4% 50,155 14.7%
Provincial Nominee** 49,730 17.4% 62,440 16.4% 68,645 20.1%
Refugee 41,120 14.4% 45,495 14.2% 48,530 14.2%
Other* 3,630 1.3% 4,025 1.3% 4,680 1.3%
Total 286,510 100.0% 321,055 100.0% 341,175 100%
Difference from previous year -9,860 3.3% 34,545 12.1% 20,120 6.2%
*Includes Humanitarian and Compassionate, Permit Holders Class, Public Policy, and Family Relations.

**Provincial Nominees are a subcategory of the Economic Class.

Immigration by Province or Territory

In 2019, the top destinations for new permanent residents were Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta, Quebec and Manitoba. The only provinces and territories with a decrease in landings compared to the previous year were Quebec and Northwest Territories.

Table 4: Permanent Residents by Province/Territory

Province/Territory 2017 2018 2019
Newfoundland and Labrador 1,170 0.4% 1,530 0.5% 1,850 0.5%
Prince Edward Island 2,350 0.8% 2,135 0.7% 2,445 0.7%
Nova Scotia 4,515 1.6% 5,965 1.9% 7,580 2.2%
New Brunswick 3,650 1.3% 4,610 1.4% 6,000 1.7%
Quebec 52,405 18.3% 51,125 15.9% 40,565 11.8%
Ontario 111,955 39.1% 137,435 42.8% 153,395 44.9%
Manitoba 14,705 5.1% 15,230 4.7% 18,910 5.5%
Saskatchewan 14,680 5.5.10% 15,510 4.8% 15,855 4.6%
Alberta 42,095 14.7% 42,025 13.1% 43,690 12.8%
British Columbia 38,445 13.4% 44,870 14.0% 50,230 14.7%
Yukon 225 0.1% 305 0.1% 400 0.1%
Northwest Territories 240 0.1% 280 0.1% 195 0.1%
Nunavut 40 0.0% 30 0.0% 40 0.0%
Not stated 40 0.0% 10 0.0% 15 0.0%
Total 286,510 100.0% 321,055 100.0% 341,175 100.0%

Admissions in 2019 with Manitoba as an intended destination increased to 5.5% compared to 4.7% in 2018. Manitoba saw a slight increase in provincial nominee landings (66.4%) relative to all other immigrant categories over the previous year (65.0%) and an increase in refugee landings to 10.8% from 10.3% in 2018.

Table 5: Summary of Manitoba Permanent Residents by Immigration Category

Immigration Category 2017 2018 2019
Sponsored Family 2,475 16.8% 2,745 18.0% 3,160 16.7%
Skilled Workers 295 2.0% 540 3.5% 620 3.3%
Other Federal Economic 330 2.2% 435 2.9% 480 2.6%
Provincial Nominee** 9,430 64.1% 9,895 65.0% 12,545 66.4%
Refugee 2,135 14.5% 1,565 10.3% 2,045 10.8%
Other* 35 0.2% 50 0.3% 50 0.3%
Total 14,705 5.1% 15,230 4.7% 18,910 5.5%
Difference from previous year -2,120 -12.6% 525 3.6% 3,680 24.1%
Manitoba's share of Canada's immigration: 2017 (5.1%), 2018 (4.7%), and 2019 (5.5%).

*Includes Humanitarian and Compassionate, Permit Holders Class, Public Policy, and Family Relations.

**Provincial Nominees are a subcategory of the Economic Class.

Immigration by City

Similar to the previous three years, Winnipeg continued to rank 6th among Canadian cities as a destination for immigrants in 2019, following Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Calgary, and Edmonton. Together, these cities attracted close to 71.3% of new permanent residents.

Table 6: Summary of Canada Permanent Residents by Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)

CMA 2017 2018 2019
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Toronto 86,580 30.2% 1 106,460 33.2% 1 117,770 34.5% 1
Vancouver 29,830 10.4% 3 35,265 11.0% 3 39,950 11.7% 2
Montréal 44,725 15.6% 2 43,795 13.6% 2 34,630 10.1% 3
Calgary 17,880 6.2% 4 18,955 5.9% 4 19,625 5.8% 4
Edmonton 15,920 5.6% 5 15,735 4.9% 5 16,420 4.8% 5
Winnipeg 11,845 4.1% 6 12,120 3.8% 6 14,740 4.3% 6
Ottawa 7,470 2.6% 7 9,830 3.1% 7 10,935 3.2% 7
Halifax 3,745 1.3% 10 5,005 1.6% 10 6,240 1.8% 8
Regina 5,295 1.8% 9 6,035 1.9% 8 6,140 1.8% 9
Saskatoon 5,955 2.1% 8 5,800 1.8% 9 5,865 1.7% 10
Total Top Ten 229,245 80.0%   259,000 80.7%   272,315 79.8%  
Other 57,265 20.0%   62,055 19.3%   68,855 20.2%  
Total 286,510 100.0%   321,055 100.0%   341,175 100.0%  

3. Manitoba Permanent Residents

Between 2010 and 2019, more than 155,000 immigrants settled in Manitoba.

Table 7: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Immigration Category

Immigration Category 2017 2018 2019
Sponsored Family Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
 Principal Applicant 2,060 14.0% 2,295 15.1% 2,610 13.8%
 Spouse/Partner/Dependant 420 2.9% 450 3.0% 555 2.9%
Sponsored Family Subtotal 2,475 16.8% 2,745 18.0% 3,160 16.7%
Economic Class
 Business -- -- 15 0.1% 20 0.0%
 Canadian Experience Class - PA 160 1.1% 270 1.8% 280 1.4%
 Canadian Experience Class - SD 75 0.5% 100 0.7% 135 0.7%
 Caregiver Class - PA 20 0.1% 20 0.1% 20 0.1%
 Caregiver Class - SD 55 0.4% 30 0.2% 30 0.1%
 Provincial/Territorial Nominees - PA 3,900 26.5% 4,195 27.5% 5,890 31.1%
 Provincial/Territorial Nominees - SD 5,530 37.6% 5,695 37.4% 6,650 35.1%
 Skilled Trades 20 0.0% 0 0.0% -- 0.0%
 Skilled Workers - PA 330 2.2% 550 3.6% 285 1.5%
 Skilled Workers - SD 300 2.0% 415 2.7% 335 1.7%
Economic Class Subtotal 10,060 68.4% 10,870 71.4% 13,650 72.1%
Refugees
 Government-Assisted Refugees 605 4.1% 445 2.9% 550 2.9%
 Privately Sponsored Refugees 1,365 9.3% 935 6.1% 1,105 5.8%
 Blended Sponsorship Refugees 90 0.6% 70 0.5% 155 0.8%
 Protected Persons in Canada & Dependents 80 0.5% 120 0.8% 235 1.2%
Refugee Subtotal 2,135 14.5% 1,565 10.3% 2,045 10.8%
Other Immigrants 35 0.3% 50 0.3% 50 0.2%
Total 14,705 100.0% 15,230 100.0% 18,910 100.0%

The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) continues to be the main tool for bringing skilled economic immigrants to meet Manitoba's labour and economic development needs. On an annual basis the MPNP nominates skilled workers, international student graduates, and business investors who are best suited to contribute to Manitoba's economy.

Between 2010 and 2019, the MPNP nominees (and their spouses and dependents) represented approximately 70% of all permanent residents who landed in Manitoba, and approximately 93% of all economic immigrants to the province. In 2019, Manitoba's provincial nominees (with spouses and dependents) accounted for 92% of all economic immigrants (12,540), while the remaining 8% (1,105) arrived through federal business streams and other federal worker programs (e.g. Canadian Experience Class, Caregivers, Skilled Trades, and Skilled Workers).

In the last decade, roughly 21% of provincial nominees settled outside of the Winnipeg municipality, compared to 13.7% from all other immigrant classes.

Manitoba continuously worked to establish partnerships with employers to receive the largest share of provincial nominees across Canada over a ten-year period from 2010-2019 (107,220). In 2019, Manitoba received 18.2% of all provincial nominees to Canada, second highest after British Columbia (18.3%).

Manitoba continues to work with the federal government, employers, and communities to attract and retain immigrants. Manitoba provincial nominees who landed in 2014 and filed taxes in 2017 have a retention rate of 82.5% (IMDB 2017).

Sponsored Family

Eligible Canadian citizens and permanent residents living in Canada can sponsor their family members, spouses and dependents and grandparents to come to Canada. In 2019, Manitoba received 3,160 permanent residents or 16.7% of all landings through the Sponsored Family category, an increase from 2,745 in 2018. The top source countries accounting for 60.6% of this category include India, Philippines, China and the United States.

Refugees

In 2019, refugees from all over the world settled in communities throughout Manitoba. Various groups and service provider organizations throughout the province supported newly arrived refugees as well as continue to support those who arrived within the past few years.

Of all permanent residents to Manitoba in 2019, 10.8% landed as refugees and protected persons (2,045). Manitoba resettled just over 4.2% of all refugees and protected persons to Canada including close to 5.5% of Canada's government-assisted refugees (550) and 5.7% of privately sponsored refugees (1,105). Of all resettled refugees (excludes protected persons) in Manitoba, the top countries of citizenship are Eritrea, Somalia, Syria, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ethiopia, among many others.

Table 8: Resettled Refugees Admitted to Manitoba by Country of Citizenship, 2017–2019

Country of CitizenshipNumberPercentage
Eritrea1,71032.2%
Syria91017.1%
Somalia, Democratic Republic of86016.1%
Iraq4107.7%
Ethiopia4107.7%
Congo, Democratic Republic of the3907.3%
Afghanistan 1152.1%
Sudan, Democratic Republic of901.7%
Central African Republic701.3%
Burundi500.9%
Other2905.4%
Total5,310100.0%

In 2019, approximately 435 people made a refugee claim in Manitoba, a combination of irregular migrants and inland claimants as well as secondary migrants from other jurisdictions. Refugee claims dropped 29.8% from 620 in 2018.

4. Destination

Regional Destination (Economic Region)

Immigration continues to benefit regional communities. Between 2010-2019, approximately 126,260 immigrants settled in the Winnipeg Economic Region, while more than 28,700 immigrants have settled in other economic regions outside of Winnipeg. In 2019, 22.7% of newcomers chose to live outside of Winnipeg (4,295) and all economic regions of the province saw increases in immigration compared to 2018 with the exception of the North.

Table 9: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Intended Destination

Economic Region 2017 2018 2019
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Winnipeg 11,785 80.1% 1 12,030 79.0% 1 14,610 77.2% 1
Southwest 1,160 7.9% 2 1,285 8.4% 2 1,710 9.0% 2
South Central 560 3.8% 3 705 4.6% 3 1,135 6.0% 3
Southeast 435 3.0% 4 500 3.3% 4 535 2.8% 4
North 330 2.2% 5 310 2.0% 5 305 1.6% 5
Interlake 150 1.0% 6 135 0.9% 7 285 1.5% 6
Parklands 145 1.0% 7 155 1.0% 6 175 0.9% 7
North Central 130 0.9% 8 105 0.7% 8 150 0.7% 8
Not stated 5 0.0%   -- --   10 --  
Total 14,705 100.0%   15,230 100.0%   18,910 100.0%  

Community Destination (Municipality)

Since 2010, approximately 126,260 immigrants settled in the City of Winnipeg compared to approximately 28,770 who chose more than 130 regional communities as their destination within Manitoba. During this period, top regional destinations included Brandon (7,320), Neepawa (3,465), Winkler (2,500), Steinbach (2,320), and Morden (1,965).

In 2019, 4,300 new permanent residents chose regional communities outside of Winnipeg, a 34.5% increase from 2018 (3,195). The top immigrant source countries to regional communities in 2019 include Philippines (1,360), India (930), Germany (290), Nigeria (265) and Ukraine (170).

Table 10: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Intended Destination (Top Ten)

Municipality 2017 2018 2019
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Winnipeg 11,775 80.1% 1 12,020 78.9% 1 14,740 77.9% 1
Brandon 645 4.4% 2 705 4.6% 2 880 4.6% 2
Neepawa 375 2.6% 3 430 2.8% 3 700 3.7% 3
Morden 210 1.4% 6 250 1.6% 4 515 2.7% 4
Winkler 180 0.9% 7 210 1.4% 7 325 1.7% 5
Steinbach 255 1.3% 4 230 1.5% 5 270 1.4% 6
Thompson 255 1.5% 4 230 1.5% 5 245 1.2% 7
Selkirk -- --   -- --   120 0.6% 8
Portage la Prairie 100 0.7% 8 80 0.5% 8 110 0.5% 9
Altona -- --   80 0.5% 8 90 0.5% 10
Russell -- --   50 0.3% 10      
Dauphin 50 0.3% 9 -- --        
The Pas 50 0.3% 9 -- --        
Total Top Ten 13,845 94.2%   14,285 93.8%   17,995 95.1%  
Other Municipalities 860 5.8%   945 6.2%   915 4.8%  
Total 14,705 100.0%   15,230 100.0%   18,910 100.0%  

5. Source Country

In 2019, India, Philippines, China, Nigeria, and Eritrea, ranked among the top five source countries for immigrants to Manitoba, representing 59.6% of all immigrants.

Table 11: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Country of Citizenship (Top Ten)

Country of Citizenship 2017 2018 2019
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
India 3,465 23.6% 1 3,765 24.7% 1 4,625 24.4% 1
Philippines 3,110 21.1% 2 2,370 15.6% 2 2,585 13.6% 2
China, People's Republic of 1,165 7.9% 3 1,300 8.5% 4 1,810 9.5% 3
Nigeria 625 4.3% 5 1,475 9.7% 3 1,625 8.5% 4
Eritrea 810 5.5% 4 480 3.2% 5 635 3.3% 5
Brazil -- --   -- --   585 3.0% 6
Pakistan 370 2.5% 7 325 2.1% 7 445 2.3% 7
Somalia, Democratic Republic of 295 2.0% 9 -- --   395 2.0% 8
Korea, Republic of -- --   325 2.1% 7 385 2.0% 9
Ukraine -- --   330 2.2% 6 370 1.9% 10
Israel 410 2.8% 6 320 2.1% 9      
Syria 350 2.4% 8 310 2.0% 10      
Ethiopia 275 1.9% 10 -- --        
Total Top Ten 10,875 74.0%   11,000 72.2%   13,460 71.1%  
Other Countries 3,830 26.0%   4,230 27.8%   5,450 28.8%  
Total 14,705 100.0%   15,230 100.0%   18,910 100.0%  
Rank is based on the municipalities with the highest landings in 2019. The total indicated is the sum of the top ten for each respective year.

In 2018, 57.1% of Manitoba's new permanent residents arrived from Asia and Pacific regions, followed by Africa and the Middle East (28.2%), Europe (7.8%), South and Central America (5.0%) and the United States (1.8%).

Table 12: Manitoba Permanent Residents by World Region, 2017–2019

World Region201720182019
Asia & Pacific8,8558,70010,620
Africa & Middle East3,8454,3005,170
Europe1,0801,1851,445
Americas6707601,315
United States of America245275320
Stateless & Not Stated15540
TOTAL14,70515,23018,905

6. Demographics

Age-Gender Structure

Newcomers are important contributors to Manitoba's population growth and to the expanding labour force. In 2019, the immigrant median age was 28.1 years while the median age of Manitobans was 38.3 years (Census 2016). Male and female numbers were roughly equal.

7. Official Languages

People arrive from all over the world with the ability to communicate in many languages other than just English and/or French. In 2019, permanent residents arrived in Manitoba communicating in over 150 languages. The top languages spoken are Punjabi, Tagalog, Chinese, English, and Arabic.

Table 13: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Mother Tongue (Top Ten)

Mother Tongue 2017 2018 2019
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Punjabi 2,360 16.0% 2 2,640 17.3% 1 3,095 16.3% 1
Tagalog 2,675 18.2% 1 1,960 12.9% 2 2,120 11.2% 2
Chinese 1,225 8.3% 3 1,425 9.4% 3 1,910 10.1% 3
English 720 4.9% 4 890 5.8% 4 1,055 5.6% 4
Arabic 625 4.3% 6 665 4.4% 6 935 5.0% 5
Yoruba 405 2.8% 9 845 5.5% 5 920 4.8% 6
Gujarati 610 4.1% 7 570 3.7% 7 715 3.8% 7
Portuguese -- --   -- --   605 3.2% 8
Tigrinya 630 4.3% 5 375 2.5% 9 525 2.8% 9
Russian 595 4.0% 8 515 3.4% 8 525 2.8% 9
German -- --   330 2.2% 10      
Urdu 330 2.2% 10 -- --        
Total Top Ten 10,175 69.2%   10,215 67.1%   12,405 65.6%  
Other Languages 4,530 30.8%   5,015 32.9%   6,505 34.3%  
Total 14,705 100.0%   15,230 100.0%   18,910 100.0%  

Official Language Spoken

In 2019, the percentage of Manitoba's immigrants who identified English as an official language spoken continued increasing to 79.0% from 64% in 2010.

In 2019, Manitoba welcomed 820 immigrants who identified French as their official language spoken, representing 4.3% of all immigrants to Manitoba. From 2010 to 2019, over 4,800 immigrants have arrived in Manitoba with the ability to communicate in French.

The top source countries for all immigrants who identified French, as well as both French and English, as their official language spoken were Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), France, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritius, and Philippines.

Manitoba supports its francophone community's goal of increasing French-speaking immigrants. In 2019, 3.9% of all MPNP nominations were Francophone and approximately 66 per cent of all French-speaking immigrants came through the MPNP.

Table 14: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Official Language Spoken

Official Language201720182019
English10,82011,79514,950
French150110300
Both French and English305285520
Neither3,0552,5752,850
Not stated375465290
Total14,70515,23018,910

8. Education, Occupation, and Skill Level

To ensure that immigrants can contribute their skills and experience to Manitoba's economy, the Province continues to strengthen partnerships with industry and post-secondary institutions. In addition, the Province continues to invest in successful employment programs like Manitoba Start which also provides guidance to professionals needing to have their international qualifications recognized. In 2019, more than 48% of permanent residents aged 25 and older have a bachelor's degree or higher.

Table 15: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Level of Education (Aged 25 Years and Over)

Level of Education 2017 2018 2019
Secondary or Less* 1,790 19.2% 1,635 16.5% 1,955 16.1%
Formal Trade Cert. or Apprenticeship 620 6.6% 660 6.7% 710 5.8%
Non-University Certificate or Diploma 675 7.2% 700 7.1% 790 6.5%
Some University - No Degree 515 5.5% 555 5.6% 685 5.6%
Bachelor's Degree 3,460 37.0% 3,590 36.3% 4,145 34.2%
Some Post-Grad. Education - No Degree 210 2.2% 205 2.1% 385 3.1%
Master's Degree 1,255 13.4% 1,450 14.7% 1,565 12.9%
Doctorate 95 1.0% 95 1.0% 90 0.7%
Not stated 715 7.7% 995 10.1% 1,790 14.7%
Total 9,340 100% 9,890 100% 12,115 100%
*Including no education level; due to operational adjustments to IRCC's administrative data files, data under the variable "Level of Education" are preliminary estimates and are currently under review.

Occupation

The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program selects people whose participation enhances Manitoba's economic development with specialized skills needed in the changing labour market. Food counter attendants, cooks, transport truck drivers, industrial butchers and meat cutters, and customer and information services representatives were among the top occupations of economic immigrants (principal applicants only) to Manitoba in 2019.

Table 16: Manitoba Economic Permanent Residents by Skill Level

Skill LevelNumberPercentage
0 - Managerial75011.5%
A - Professionals1,12017.2%
B - Skilled and Technical2,09532.3%
C - Intermediate and Clerical1,78027.4%
D - Elemental and Labourers68510.5%
Intending to work*250.3%
Not intending to work*----
Total6,485100.0%
This table represents skill level for Economic Immigrant Principal Applicants only, including provincial nominees, federally selected skilled workers, business persons, live-in caregivers, and Canadian experience class.

*Intending to work includes New Workers (15 years of age or older); Not intending to work includes Other Non-Workers (15 years of age or older); and Students (15 years of age or older).

Rank is based on the highest number of landings by occupation for economic principal applicants only in 2019.

Skill Type Category

Based on the National Occupational Classification system, in 2019, 64.3% of principal applicants under the economic category were considered highly skilled (NOC 0, A and B) and had previous occupations in:

  • Sales and service
  • Business, finance and administration
  • Natural and applied sciences and related occupations
  • Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations
  • Management Occupations
  • Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services

Table 17: Manitoba Economic Permanent Residents by Skill Type

Principal Applicants Only 2017 2018 2019
Skill Type Category Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
0 - Management Occupations 425 10.0% 460 9.7% 575 8.8%
1 - Business, Finance and Administration Occupations 760 18.0% 765 16.1% 970 14.9%
2 - Natural and Applied Sciences and Related Occupations 605 14.3% 650 13.7% 755 11.6%
3 - Health Occupations 330 7.8% 310 6.5% 230 3.5%
4 - Occupations in Social Science, Education, Government Service and Religion 325 7.7% 430 9.1% 410 6.3%
5 - Occupations in Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport 50 1.2% 50 1.1% 75 1.1%
6 - Sales and Service Occupations 800 18.9% 1,050 22.1% 2,010 30.9%
7 - Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations 445 10.5% 435 9.2% 630 9.7%
8 - Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production Occupations 70 1.7% 75 1.6% 85 1.3%
9 - Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities 200 4.7% 255 5.4% 505 7.7%
Other** 215 5.1% 265 5.6% 195 3.0%
Not stated -- -- -- -- 35 0.5%
Total 4,230 100.0% 4,750 100.0% 6,485 100.0%
This table represents skill level for Economic Immigrant Principal Applicants only, including provincial nominees, federally selected skilled workers, business persons, live-in caregivers, and Canadian Experience Class.

*Other category includes principal applicants not intending to work and other occupations not covered by an NOC code.

9. Temporary Workers and International Students

In Manitoba, temporary residents who have worked for more than six months, or have graduated from a post-secondary program in the province, have the opportunity to apply to the MPNP and become permanent residents. In 2019, Manitoba received 8,770 temporary workers through the federal International Mobility Program and 1,310 through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (with a Labour Market Impact Assessment). Note: The table on Temporary Residents (TR) has been revised to reflect the June 20, 2014 overhaul of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). The reporting methodology has also been revised to count TRs, which includes Foreign Workers and International Students, based on the type of permit held by a TR (effective from the date that the permit was signed, or a valid permit at the end of a given year). As a result of these changes, the reports for each permit holder type has been separated in order to enhance clarity.

Table 18: Manitoba Work Permit Holders by Program and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Temporary Foreign Worker Program Work Permit Holders1,3201,3451,8601,7951,3808858707651,1701,310
International Mobility Program Work Permit Holders3,7103,8754,0254,7205,0355,0556,6907,1858,0358,770

Table 19: Manitoba Temporary Foreign Worker Program Work Permit Holders by Intended Destination and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

Census Metropolitan Area2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Brandon100190315245220180140135130140
Winnipeg825730 820855520255270250280370
Other395425725695640450460380760800
Total Unique** TFW Work Permit Holders1,3201,3451,8601,7951,3808858707651,1701,310
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year.

**The total unique count may not equal to the sum of permit holders in each program as an individual may hold more than one type of permit over a given period.

Table 20: Manitoba International Mobility Program Work Permit Holders by Intended Destination and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

Census Metropolitan Area2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Brandon370230170195265195185245245290
Winnipeg2,5602,7553,0003,3653,2553,5405,0955,4306,2406,745
Other7808908551,1601,5151,3201,4101,5101,5501,735
Total Unique** IMP Work Permit Holders3,7103,8754,0254,7205,0355,0556,6907,1858,0358,770
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year.

**The total unique count may not equal to the sum of permit holders in each program as an individual may hold more than one type of permit over a given period.

International Students

In 2019, the number of foreign study permit holders in Manitoba was 12,080. Most international students (91.7%) enrolled in educational institutions in Winnipeg. The top source countries of students to Manitoba were India (24.7%), China (21.3%), Nigeria (9.6%) and Bangladesh (7.8%).

Table 21: Manitoba International Student Study Permit Holders by Intended Destination and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

Census Metropolitan Area2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Brandon130145150175160240290410495605
Winnipeg3,0953,9804,4505,2355,6506,3657,9559,67011,18511,080
Other310385375315335325330385335395
Total Unique** Study Permit Holders3,5354,5104,9755,7256,1456,9308,57510,46512,01512,080
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year.

**The total unique count may not equal to the sum of permit holders in each program as an individual may hold more than one type of permit over a given period.

Table 22: Manitoba International Student Study Work Permit Holders by Country of Citizenship and Year in which Permit Became Effective

Country of Citizenship 2017 2018 2019
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
India 1,990 19.0% 2 2,935 24.4% 1 2,980 24.7% 1
China, People's Republic of 2,595 24.8% 1 2,750 22.9% 2 2,575 21.3% 2
Nigeria 900 8.6% 3 965 8.0% 3 1,165 9.6% 3
Bangladesh 480 4.6% 4 800 6.7% 4 945 7.8% 4
Vietnam, Socialist Republic of 465 4.4% 5 500 4.2% 5 475 3.9% 5
Brazil 445 4.3% 6 405 3.4% 6 315 2.6% 6
Korea, Republic of 425 4.1% 7 340 2.8% 7 305 2.5% 7
Pakistan 260 2.5% 8 235 2.0% 8 225 1.9% 8
Philippines -- --   -- --   175 1.4% 9
United States of America 195 1.9% 9 190 1.6% 9 170 1.4% 10
Kenya -- --   165 1.4% 10      
Iran 155 1.5% 10            
Total Top Ten 7,910 75.6%   9,285 77.3%   9,335 77.2%  
Other Countries of Citizenship 2,555 24.4%   2,730 22.7%   2,745 22.8%  
Total 10,465 100.0%   12,015 100.0%   12,080 100.0%  
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year. Rank is based on the highest number of study permits by country of citizenship.
Table 23: Manitoba International Student Study Permit Holders by Intended Destination at Year End
Census Metropolitan Area2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Brandon190195245280295355450585715925
Winnipeg4,6655,8007,1908,68510,00511,06012,85015,30017,44017,930
Other395485520505520480480560525540
Total Unique Study Permit Holders5,2506,4807,9559,47010,82011,89513,7801,644518,68019,395
*Defined by the intended destination as specified on the permit and when the intended destination is not specified for permits signed on or after January 1, 2012, the last known address of the permit holder as of December 31st of the given year is used instead.

Table 24: Manitoba International Student Study Work Permit Holders by Country of Citizenship at Year End*

Country of Citizenship 2017 2018 2019
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
India 2540 15.4% 2 4,090 21.9% 2 5,030 25.9% 1
China 4,410 26.8% 1 4,245 22.7% 1 3,780 19.5% 2
Nigeria 1,695 10.3% 3 1,815 9.7% 3 1,875 9.7% 3
Bangladesh 640 3.9% 5 1,045 5.6% 4 1,325 6.8% 4
Vietnam 710 4.3% 4 895 4.8% 5 930 4.8% 5
Brazil 635 3.9% 6 605 3.2% 6 480 2.5% 6
Korea 580 3.5% 7 525 2.8% 7 465 2.4% 7
Pakistan 505 3.1% 8 455 2.4% 8 395 2.0% 8
United States of America 365 2.2% 9 375 2.0% 9 375 1.9% 9
Iran 270 1.6% 10       305 1.6% 10
Kenya       305 1.6% 10      
Total Top Ten 12,350 75.1%   14,355 76.8%   14,960 77.1%  
Other Countries of Citizenship 4,095 24.9%   4,325 23.2%   4,435 22.9%  
Total 16,445 100%   18,680 100%   19,395 100%