Manitoba Immigration Facts Report 2018

Introduction

Manitoba continues to be an immigration destination of choice to live, work, study, and invest for thousands of newcomers year after year. The diversity in culture, language, education, and lived experiences are among the many features that immigrants share and which continues to enrich communities throughout the province.

Note: Data in this report was created by the Province of Manitoba using IRCC Q2 2019 immigration data and has been approved by IRCC for public release. Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as "– –". This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when IRCC data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closes multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated. Data are preliminary and subject to change.

1. Immigration Trends

By July 1, 2018, Manitoba was estimated to have more than 1.35 million people, an increase of 1.25% over 2017 representing about 3.4% of Canada's total population of approximately 37.0 million. In 2018, 15,230 permanent residents chose Manitoba as their immigration destination. This represents 4.7% of total immigration to Canada.

Table 1: Permanent Immigration to Manitoba in the Past Decade

Category2009201020112012201320142015201620172018Total
Sponsored Family1,4701,4501,4901,8002,0001,8451,8502,3752,4752,74519,500
Skilled Workers6009056206606203957154902955405,840
Provincial Nominee10,15512,18012,3559,5408,87012,19510,2609,9609,4309,895104,840
Other Economic1552001901451302702702403304352,365
Refugee1,1001,0301,3051,1451,4751,5151,7653,7352,1351,56516,770
Other50502045503035253550390
TOTAL13,52515,81515,97513,34013,14016,25514,90016,82514,70515,230149,710

In 2018, Canada welcomed 321,055 new permanent residents, an increase of 12.1% over 2017. By immigration category, the largest groups were, family class (26.5%), skilled workers (22.2%), provincial nominees (19.4%) and other economic immigrants (16.4%).

Table 2: Immigration to Canada in the Past Decade

Category2009201020112012201320142015201620172018Total
Sponsored Family71,98065,55061,33069,87083,37567,64565,48578,00082,47085,170730,875
Skilled Workers95,985119,38088,76091,41583,22567,57570,13565,61047,41571,235800,735
Provincial Nominee30,38036,43538,42040,88539,90547,62544,53546,18049,73062,440436,535
Other Economic27,16531,14028,91028,45525,13049,99055,75044,24062,14552,690405,615
Refugee22,83524,67027,88023,08524,00523,46031,61558,55041,12045,495322,715
Other3,8303,5153,4004,0653,4004,0054,3153,7903,6304,02537,975
TOTAL252,170280,695248,705257,775259,040260,305271,835296,370286,510321,0552,734,460

2. Immigration Levels

Immigration to Canada increased 12.1% from 286,510 in 2017 to 321,055 in 2018.

Table 3: Canada Permanent Residents by Immigration Category

Immigration Category 2016 2017 2018
Sponsored Family 78,000 26.3% 82,470 28.8% 85,170 26.5%
Skilled Workers 65,610 22.1% 47,415 16.5% 71,235 22.2%
Other Economic 46,180 15.6% 49,730 17.4% 62,440 19.4%
Provincial Nominee** 44,240 14.9% 62,145 21.7% 52,690 16.4
Refugee 58,550 19.8% 41,120 14.4% 45,495 14.2%
Other* 3,790 1.3% 3,630 1.3% 4,025 1.3%
Total 296,370 100.0% 286,510 100.0% 321,055 100%
Difference from previous year 24,535 9.0% -9,860 -3.3% 34,545 12.1%
*Includes Humanitarian and Compassionate, Permit Holders Class, Public Policy, and Family Relations.

**Provincial Nominees are a subcategory of the Economic Class.

Immigration by Province or Territory

In 2018, the top destinations for new permanent residents were Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia followed by Alberta and Manitoba. A number of provinces had a decrease in landings compared to the previous year including MB, SK, PEI, AB, QC.

Table 4: Permanent Residents by Province/Territory

Province/Territory 2016 2017 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 1,190 0.4% 1,170 0.4% 1,530 0.5%
Prince Edward Island 2,315 0.8% 2,350 0.8% 2,135 0.7%
Nova Scotia 5,485 1.9% 4,515 1.6% 5,965 1.9%
New Brunswick 4,675 1.6% 3,650 1.3% 4,610 1.4%
Quebec 53,250 18.0% 52,405 18.3% 51,125 15.9%
Ontario 110,020 37.1% 111,955 39.1% 137,435 42.8%
Manitoba 16,825 5.7% 14,705 5.1% 15,230 4.7%
Saskatchewan 14,860 5.0% 14,680 5.1% 15,510 4.8%
Alberta 49,200 16.6% 42,095 14.7% 42,025 13.1%
British Columbia 38,075 12.8% 38,445 13.4% 44,870 14.0%
Northwest Territories 210 0.1% 225 0.1% 305 0.1%
Nunavut 185 0.1% 240 0.1% 280 0.1%
Yukon 35 0.0% 40 0.0% 30 0.0%
Not stated 55 0.0% 40 0.0% 10 0.0%
Total 296,370 100.0% 286,510 100.0% 321,055 100.0%

Admissions in 2018 with Manitoba as an intended destination decreased to 4.7% compared to 5.1% in 2017. This decrease represents the lowest proportionate intake since 2013. Manitoba saw a slight increase in PN landings (65%) proportionate to all other immigrant categories over the previous year (54.1%) and a decrease in refugee landings to 10.3% from 14.5% in 2017.

Table 5: Summary of Manitoba Permanent Residents by Immigration Category

Immigration Category 2016 2017 2018
Sponsored Family 2,375 14.1% 2,475 16.8% 2,745 18.0%
Skilled Workers 490 2.9% 295 2.0% 540 3.5%
Other Federal Economic 9,960 59.2% 9,430 64.1% 9,895 65.0%
Provincial Nominee** 240 1.4% 330 2.2% 435 2.9%
Refugee 3,735 22.2% 2,135 14.5% 1,565 10.3%
Other* 25 0.1% 35 0.2% 50 0.3%
Total 16,825 5.7% 14,705 5.1% 15,230 4.7%
Difference from previous year 1,925 12.9% -2,120 -12.6% 525 3.6%
Manitoba's share of Canada's immigration: 2016 (5.7%), 2017 (5.1%), and 2018 (4.7%).

*Includes Humanitarian and Compassionate, Permit Holders Class, Public Policy, and Family Relations.

**Provincial Nominees are a subcategory of the Economic Class.

Immigration by City

Similar to the previous three years, Winnipeg continued to rank 6th among Canadian cities as a destination for immigrants in 2018, following Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, and Edmonton. Together, these cities attracted 72.4% of new permanent residents.

Table 6: Summary of Canada Permanent Residents by Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)

CMA 2016 2017 2018
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Toronto 81,460 27.5% 1 86,580 30.2% 1 106,460 33.2% 1
Montréal 44,350 15.0% 2 44,725 15.6% 2 43,795 13.6% 2
Vancouver 29,715 10.0% 3 29,830 10.4% 3 35,265 11.0% 3
Calgary 21,430 7.2% 4 17,880 6.2% 4 18,955 5.9% 4
Edmonton 17,885 6.0% 5 15,920 5.6% 5 15,735 4.9% 5
Winnipeg 14,070 4.7% 6 11,845 4.1% 6 12,120 3.8% 6
Ottawa – Gatineau 7,870 2.7% 7 7,470 2.6% 7 9,830 3.1% 7
Regina 4,995 1.7% 9 5,295 1.8% 9 6,035 1.9% 8
Saskatoon 5,750 1.9% 8 5,955 2.1% 8 5,800 1.8% 9
Halifax 4,570 1.5% 10 3,745 1.3% 10 5,005 1.6% 10
Total Top Ten 232,095 78.3%   229,245 80.0%   259,000 80.7%  
Other 64,275 21.7%   57,265 20.0%   62,055 19.3%  
Total 296,370 100.0%   286,510 100.0%   321,055 100.0%  

3. Manitoba Permanent Residents

Between 2009 and 2018, more than 149,700 immigrants settled in Manitoba.

Table 7: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Immigration Category

Immigration Category 2016 2017 2018
Sponsored Family Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
 Principal Applicant 1,960 11.6% 2,060 14.0% 2,295 15.1%
 Spouse/Partner/Dependant 415 2.5% 420 2.9% 450 3.0%
Sponsored Family Subtotal 2,375 14.1% 2,475 16.8% 2,745 18.0%
Economic Class
 Business 10 0.1% – – – – 15 0.0%
 Canadian Experience Class - PA 60 0.4% 160 1.1% 270 1.8%
 Canadian Experience Class - SD 60 0.4% 75 0.5% 100 0.7%
 Caregiver Class - PA 45 0.3% 20 0.1% 20 0.1%
 Caregiver Class - SD 50 0.3% 55 0.4% 30 0.2%
 Provincial/Territorial Nominees - PA 4,110 24.4% 3,900 26.5% 4,195 27.5%
 Provincial/Territorial Nominees - SD 5,845 34.7% 5,530 37.6% 5,695 37.4%
 Skilled Trades 20 0.0% 20 0.1% 0 0.0%
 Skilled Workers - PA 310 1.8% 330 2.2% 550 3.6%
 Skilled Workers - SD 410 2.4% 300 2.0% 415 2.7%
Economic Class Subtotal 10,690 63.5% 10,060 68.4% 10,870 71.4%
Refugees
 Government-Assisted Refugees 1,270 7.5% 605 4.1% 445 2.9%
 Privately Sponsored Refugees 2,075 12.3% 1,365 9.3% 935 6.1%
 Blended Sponsorship Refugees 320 1.9% 90 0.6% 70 0.5%
 Protected Persons in Canada & Dependents 70 0.4% 80 0.5% 120 0.8%
Refugee Subtotal 3,735 22.2% 2,135 14.5% 1,565 10.3%
Other Immigrants 25 0.1% 35 0.2% 50 0.3%
Total 16,825 100.0% 14,705 100.0% 15,230 100.0%

The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) continues to be the main tool for bringing skilled economic immigrants to meet Manitoba's labour and economic development needs. On an annual basis the MPNP nominates skilled workers, international students, and business investors who are best suited to contribute to Manitoba's economy.

Between 2009 and 2018, the MPNP landings contributed 65% of all immigrants to Manitoba, and approximately 92.7% of all economic immigrants to the province. In 2018, Manitoba's provincial nominees accounted for 91.0% of all economic immigrants (9,895) while 9.0% arrived under other economic categories (975).

In the last decade, roughly 21% of provincial nominees settled outside of the Winnipeg municipality, compared to 13.3% from all other immigrant classes.

Manitoba continues to establish partnerships with employers to receive the largest share of provincial nominees across Canada over a ten-year period. In 2018, Manitoba received roughly 15.8% of all provincial nominees to Canada, fourth highest after Ontario, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Alberta.

Manitoba continues to work with the federal government, employers, and communities to attract and retain immigrants. Manitoba provincial nominees who landed between 2012 and 2016, and filed taxes in 2016, have a retention rate of 88.7% (IMDB 2016).

Sponsored Family

Eligible Canadian citizens and permanent residents living in Canada can sponsor their family members, spouses and dependents and grandparents to come to Canada. In 2018, Manitoba received 2,745 permanent residents or 18.0% of all landings through the Sponsored Family category. The top source countries accounting for 62% of this category include India, Philippines, China and the United States.

Refugees

Refugees from all over the world settle in communities throughout Manitoba. Various groups and service provider organizations throughout the province support newly arrived refugees as well as continue to support those who arrived within the past few years.

In 2018, Manitoba resettled 1,565 refugees and protected persons, just over 3.4% of all refugees and protected persons to Canada including close to 5.5% of Canada's government-assisted refugees (445) and 5.0% of privately sponsored refugees (935). Of all resettled refugees in Manitoba, close to 27.8% are from Eritrea, while the remaining 72.2% are from Syria, Somalia, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ethiopia. Refugees and protected persons represent 10.3% of all new permanent residents to Manitoba in 2018.

Table 8: Resettled Refugees Admitted to Manitoba by Country of Citizenship, 2016 to 2018

Country of CitizenshipNumberPercentage
Eritrea2,54035.4%
Syria1,87526.2%
Somalia, Democratic Republic of84511.8%
Ethiopia5057.0%
Congo, Democratic Republic of the4105.7%
Iraq4005.6%
Afghanistan1301.8%
Sudan, Democratic Republic of751.0%
Myanmar (Burma)500.7%
Other3404.7%
Total7,170100.0%

In 2018, the provincial Interdepartmental Asylum Seeker Planning Team helped to manage the intake and flow of approximately 620 asylum seekers, a combination of irregular migrants and inland claimants as well as secondary migrants from other jurisdictions. Refugee claims in Manitoba dropped 42.9% in 2018 from 1,085 in 2017.

4. Destination

Regional Destination (Economic Region)

Immigration continues to benefit regional communities. Between 2009 and 2018, approximately 117,585 immigrants settled in the Winnipeg Economic Region, while more than 28,060 immigrants have settled in other economic regions outside of Winnipeg. In 2018, 21% of newcomers chose to live outside of Winnipeg (3,200) and all economic regions of the province saw increases in immigration compared to 2017 with the exception of North, Interlake and North Central.

Table 9: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Intended Destination

Economic Region 2016 2017 2018
Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Winnipeg 14,015 83.3% 1 11,785 80.1% 1 12,030 79.0% 1
Southwest 1,080 6.4% 2 1,160 7.9% 2 1,285 8.4% 2
South Central 720 4.3% 3 560 3.8% 3 705 4.6% 3
Southeast 395 2.3% 4 435 3.0% 4 500 3.3% 4
North 210 1.2% 5 330 2.2% 5 310 2.0% 5
Parklands 170 1.0% 6 145 1.0% 7 155 1.0% 6
Interlake 100 0.6% 8 150 1.0% 6 135 0.9% 7
North Central 115 0.7% 7 130 0.9% 8 105 0.7% 8
Not found 15 0.1% 5 0.0% – – – –
Total 16,825 100.0% 14,705 100.0% 15,230 100.0%

Community Destination (Municipality)

Since 2009, approximately 121,590 immigrants settled in the City of Winnipeg compared to approximately 28,115 who chose more than 130 regional communities as their destination within Manitoba. During this period, top regional destinations included Brandon (7,535), Winkler (2,925), Neepawa (2,795), Steinbach (2,465), and Thompson (1,645).

In 2018, 3,205 new permanent residents chose regional communities outside of Winnipeg, a 9.4% increase from 2017 (2,930). The top immigrant source countries to regional communities in 2018 include Philippines (895), India (645), Nigeria (210), Germany (185), and Ukraine (160).

Table 10: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Intended Destination (Top Ten)

Municipality 2016 2017 2018
Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Winnipeg 14,010 83.3% 1 11,775 80.1% 1 12,020 78.9% 1
Brandon 635 3.8% 2 645 4.4% 2 705 4.6% 2
Neepawa 255 1.5% 4 375 2.6% 3 430 2.8% 3
Morden 300 1.8% 3 210 1.4% 6 250 1.6% 4
Thompson 150 0.9% 7 255 1.7% 4 230 1.5% 5
Steinbach 215 1.3% 6 255 1.7% 4 225 1.5% 6
Winkler 255 1.5% 4 180 1.2% 7 210 1.4% 7
Altona 50 0.3% 9 – – – – 80 0.5% 8
Portage la Prairie 105 0.6% 8 100 0.7% 8 80 0.5% 8
Russell 50 0.3% 9 – – – – 50 0.3% 10
Dauphin 50 0.3% 9 50 0.3% 9
Killarney 50 0.3% 9 – – – –
The Pas 50 0.3% 9 50 0.3% 9
Total Top Ten 16,175 96.1% 13,845 94.2% 14,280 93.8%
Other Municipalities 650 3.9% 860 5.8% 950 6.2%
Total 16,825 100.0% 14,705 100.0% 15,230 100.0%

5. Source Country

In 2018, India, Philippines, Nigeria, China and Eritrea ranked among the top five source countries for immigrants to Manitoba, representing 61.7% of all immigrants.

Table 11: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Country of Citizenship (Top Ten)

Country of Citizenship 2016 2017 2018
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
India 2,995 17.8% 2 3,465 23.6% 1 3,765 24.7% 1
Philippines 3,605 21.4% 1 3,110 21.1% 2 2,370 15.6% 2
Nigeria 525 3.1% 7 625 4.3% 5 1,475 9.7% 3
China, People's Republic of 1,025 6.1% 5 1,165 7.9% 3 1,300 8.5% 4
Eritrea 1,420 8.4% 3 810 5.5% 4 480 3.2% 5
Ukraine 460 2.7% 8 – – – –   330 2.2% 6
Pakistan 400 2.4% 9 370 2.5% 7 325 2.1% 7
Korea – – – –   – – – –   325 2.1% 7
Israel 640 3.8% 6 415 2.8% 6 320 2.1% 8
Syria 1,245 7.4% 4 350 2.4% 8 315 2.1% 9
Somalia, Democratic Republic of 365 2.2% 10 295 2.0% 9 275 1.8% 10
Ethiopia – – – –   275 1.9% 10 – – – –  
Total Top Ten 12,680 75.4%   10,880 74.0%   11,280 74.1%  
Other Countries 16,825 100.0%   14,705 100.0%   15,230 100.0%  
Total 16,825 100.0%   14,705 100.0%   15,230 100.0%  
Rank is based on the municipalities with the highest landings in 2018. The total indicated is the sum of the top ten for each respective year.

In 2018, 57.1% of Manitoba's new permanent residents arrived from Asia and Pacific regions, followed by Africa and the Middle East (28.2%), Europe (7.8%), South and Central America (5.0%) and the United States (1.8%).

Table 12: Manitoba Permanent Residents by World Region, 2016 to 2018

World Region201620172018
Asia & Pacific8,8258,8558,700
Africa & Middle East5,5203,8454,300
Canada– –– –– –
Europe1,6751,0801,185
Americas605670760
United States of America195245275
Stateless & Not Stated5155
Total16,82514,70515,230

6. Demographics

Age-Gender Structure

Newcomers are important contributors to Manitoba's population growth and to the rejuvenation of the labour force. In 2018, the immigrant median age was 28.5 years while the median age of Manitobans was 38.3 years (Census 2016). Male and female numbers were roughly equal.

7. Official Languages

Table 13: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Mother Tongue (Top Ten)

Mother Tongue 2016 2017 2018
Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
Punjabi 2,055 12.2% 2 2,360 16.0% 2 2,640 17.3% 1
Tagalog 3,060 18.2% 1 2,675 18.2% 1 1,960 12.9% 2
Chinese 1,085 6.4% 5 1,225 8.3% 3 1,425 9.4% 3
English 780 4.6% 7 720 4.9% 4 890 5.8% 4
Yoruba – – – – 405 2.8% 9 845 5.5% 5
Arabic 1,490 8.9% 3 625 4.3% 6 665 4.4% 6
Gujarati 515 3.1% 8 610 4.1% 7 570 3.7% 7
Russian 1,060 6.3% 6 595 4.0% 8 515 3.4% 8
Tigrinya 1,100 6.5% 4 630 4.3% 5 375 2.5% 9
German – – – – – – – – 330 2.2% 10
Hindi – – – – – – – – 330 2.2% 10
Urdu 350 2.1% 10 330 2.2% 10
Somali 380 2.3% 9 – – – –
Total Top Ten 11,875 70.6% 10,175 69.2% 10,545 69.2%
Other Languages 4,950 29.4% 4,530 30.8% 4,685 30.8%
Total 16,825 100.0% 14,705 100.0% 15,230 100.0%

Official Language Spoken

In 2018, the percentage of Manitoba's immigrants who identified English as an official language spoken continued increasing to 77.4% from 64% in 2010.

In 2018, Manitoba welcomed 395 immigrants who identified French as their official language spoken, representing 2.6% of all immigrants to Manitoba. From 2009 to 2018, over 4,330 immigrants have arrived in Manitoba with the ability to speak French.

The top 10 source countries for all immigrants who identified French, as well as both French and English, as their official language spoken were Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), France, Morocco, Mauritius, Philippines, Algeria Cameroon, Senegal, Burundi, and India.

Manitoba supports the Manitoba francophone community's goal of increasing francophone immigration. In 2018, 3% of all MPNP nominations were Francophone and approximately 77% of all French-speaking immigrants came through the MPNP.

Table 14: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Official Language Spoken

Official Language201620172018
English11,53010,82011,795
French175150110
Both French and English340305285
Neither4,2553,0552,575
Not stated530375465
Total16,82514,70515,230

8. Education, Occupation, and Skill Level

To ensure that immigrants can contribute their skills and experience to Manitoba's economy, the Province is renewing the MPNP to strengthen partnerships with industry and post-secondary institutions. In addition, the Province continues to invest in successful employment programs like Manitoba Start which also provides guidance to professionals needing to have their international qualifications recognized. In 2018, more than 54.0% of permanent residents aged 25 and older have a bachelor's degree or higher.

Table 15: Manitoba Permanent Residents by Level of Education (Aged 25 Years and Over)

Level of Education 2016 2017 2018
Secondary or Less 2,220 21.5% 1,790 19.2% 1,635 16.5%
Formal Trade Cert. or Apprenticeship 640 6.2% 620 6.6% 660 6.7%
Non-University Certificate or Diploma 670 6.5% 675 7.2% 700 7.1%
Some University – No Degree 550 5.3% 515 5.5% 555 5.6%
Bachelor's Degree 3,945 38.2% 3,460 37.0% 3,590 36.3%
Some Post-Grad. Education – No Degree 220 2.1% 210 2.2% 205 2.1%
Master's Degree 1,310 12.7% 1,255 13.4% 1,450 14.7%
Doctorate 85 0.8% 95 1.0% 95 1.0%
Not Stated 680 6.6% 715 7.7% 995 10.1%
Total 10,330 100% 9,340 100% 9,890 100%

Occupation

The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program selects people whose participation enhances Manitoba's economic development with specialized skills needed in the changing labour market. Registered nurses, industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers, general office support workers, transport truck drivers and cooks, were among the top occupations of economic immigrants (principal applicants only) to Manitoba in 2017.

Table 16: Manitoba Economic Permanent Residents by Skill Level

Skill LevelNumberPercentage
0 – Managerial69014.5%
A – Professionals1,10023.2%
B – Skilled and Technical1,48531.3%
C – Intermediate and Clerical1,15524.3%
D – Elemental and Labourers2856.0%
Intending to work*350.7%
Not intending to work*– –– –
Total4,750100.0%
This table represents skill level for Economic Immigrant Principal Applicants only, including provincial nominees, federally selected skilled workers, business persons, live-in caregivers, and Canadian experience class.

*Intending to work includes New Workers (15 years of age or older); Not intending to work includes Other Non-Workers (15 years of age or older); and Students (15 years of age or older).

Rank is based on the highest number of landing by occupation for economic principal applicants only in 2018.

Skill Type Category

Based on the National Occupation Classification System, in 2018, 68.9% of principal applicants under the economic category were considered highly skilled (NOC 0, A and B) and had previous occupations in:

  • Sales and service
  • Business, finance and administration
  • Natural and applied sciences and related occupations
  • Management Occupations
  • Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations
  • Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services

Table 17: Manitoba Economic Permanent Residents by Skill Type

Principal Applicants Only 2016 2017 2018
Skill Type Category Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
0 – Management Occupations 545 12.3% 425 10.0% 460 9.7%
1 – Business, Finance and Administration Occupations 755 17.1% 760 18.0% 765 16.1%
2 – Natural and Applied Sciences and Related Occupations 630 14.2% 605 14.3% 650 13.7%
3 – Health Occupations 400 9.0% 330 7.8% 310 6.5%
4 – Occupations in Education, Law and Social, Community and Government 320 7.2% 325 7.7% 430 9.1%
5 – Occupations in Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport 45 1.0% 50 1.2% 50 1.1%
6 – Sales and Service Occupations 770 17.4% 800 18.9% 1,050 22.1%
7 – Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations 445 10.1% 445 10.5% 435 9.2%
8 – Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production Occupations 80 1.8% 70 1.7% 75 1.6%
9 – Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities 210 4.7% 200 4.7% 255 5.4%
Other* 220 5.0% 215 5.1% 265 5.6%
Not stated – – – – 0 – – – – – –
Total 4,425 100.0% 4,230 100.0% 4,750 100.0%
This table represents skill level for Economic Immigrant Principal Applicants only, including provincial nominees, federally selected skilled workers, business persons, live-in caregivers, and Canadian Experience Class.

*Other category includes principal applicants not intending to work and other occupations not covered by an NOC code.

9. Temporary Workers and International Students

In Manitoba, temporary residents who have worked for more than six months, or have graduated from a post-secondary program in the province, have the opportunity to apply to the MPNP and become permanent residents. In 2018, Manitoba received 8,035 temporary workers through the federal International Mobility Program and 1,170 through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (with a Labour Market Impact Assessment).

  • The total unique count may not equal to the sum of permit holders in each program as an individual may hold more than one type of permit over a given period.
  • The table on Temporary Residents (TR) has been revised to reflect the June 20, 2014 overhaul of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). The reporting methodology has also been revised to count TRs, which includes Foreign Workers and International Students, based on the type of permit held by a TR (effective from the date that the permit was signed, or a valid permit at the end of a given year). As a result of the changes above, the reports for each permit holder type has been separated in order to enhance clarity.

Table 18: Manitoba Work Permit Holders by Program and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

2009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Temporary Foreign Worker Program Work Permit Holders1,7101,3201,3451,8601,7951,3808858707651,170
International Mobility Program Work Permit Holders3,4153,7103,8754,0254,7205,0355,0556,6907,1858,035
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year.

Table 19: Manitoba Temporary Foreign Worker Program Work Permit Holders by Intended Destination and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

Census Metropolitan Area2009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Brandon255100190315245220180140135130
Winnipeg960825730820855520255270250280
Other500400430730700645455460380760
Total Unique TFW Work Permit Holders1,7101,3201,3451,8601,7951,3808858707651,170
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year.

Table 20: Manitoba International Mobility Program Work Permit Holders by Intended Destination and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

Census Metropolitan Area2009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Brandon370370230170195265195185245245
Winnipeg2,3702,5602,7553,0003,3653,2553,5405,0955,4306,240
Other6857908958601,2051,5701,3451,4401,5451,575
Total Unique IMP Work Permit Holders3,4153,7103,8754,0254,7205,0355,0556,6907,1858,035
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year.

International Students

In 2018, the number of foreign student's entries to Manitoba was 11,670. Most international students (95.8%) enrolled in educational institutions in Winnipeg. The top source countries to Manitoba were India (24.4%), China (22.9%), Nigeria (8.0%) and Bangladesh (6.7%).

Table 21: Manitoba International Student Study Permit Holders by Intended Destination and Year in which Permit(s) Became Effective*

Census Metropolitan Area2009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Brandon135130145150175160240290410495
Winnipeg3,1153,0953,9804,4505,2355,6506,3657,9559,67011,185
Other340315395375320345325335395350
Total Unique Study Permit Holders3,2453,2254,1254,6055,4055,8106,6058,24510,07511,670
*This term refers to permit holders with a valid permit that was also signed in the given year. The total unique count may not equal to the sum of permit holders in each program as an individual may hold more than one type of permit over a given period.

Table 22: Manitoba International Student Study Work Permit Holders by Country of Citizenship and Year in which Permit Became Effective

Country of Citizenship 2016 2017 2018
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
India 1,140 13.3% 2 1,990 19.0% 2 2,935 24.4% 1
China, People's Republic of 2,390 27.9% 1 2,595 24.8% 1 2,750 22.9% 2
Nigeria 825 9.6% 3 900 8.6% 3 965 8.0% 3
Bangladesh 250 2.9% 8 480 4.6% 4 800 6.7% 4
Vietnam, Socialist Republic of 285 3.3% 7 900 8.6% 5 500 4.2% 5
Brazil 385 4.5% 4 480 4.6% 6 405 3.4% 6
Korea, Republic of 355 4.1% 5 425 4.1% 7 340 2.8% 7
Pakistan 340 4.0% 6 260 2.5% 8 235 2.0% 8
United States of America – – – –   195 1.9% 9 190 1.6% 9
Kenya 155 1.8% 10       165 1.4% 10
Iran – – – –   155 1.5% 10      
Japan 165 1.9% 9            
Total Top Ten 6,290 73.4%   8,380 80.1%   9,285 77.3%  
Other Countries of Citizenship 2,285 26.6%   2,085 19.9%   2,730 22.7%  
Total 8,575 100.0%   10,465 100.0%   12,015 100.0%  
Rank is based on the highest number of study permits by country of citizenship in 2018.

Table 23: Manitoba International Student Study Work Permit Holders by Country of Citizenship at Year End*

Country of Citizenship 31-Dec-2016 31-Dec-2017 31-Dec-2018
  Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank Number Percentage Rank
China, People's Republic of 4,330 31.4% 1 4,410 26.8% 1 4,245 22.7% 1
India 1,510 11.0% 2 2,540 15.4% 2 4,090 21.9% 2
Nigeria 1,500 10.9% 3 1,695 10.3% 3 1,815 9.7% 3
Bangladesh 365 2.6% 8 640 3.9% 5 1,045 5.6% 4
Vietnam, Socialist Republic of 400 2.9% 7 710 4.3% 4 895 4.8% 5
Brazil 525 3.8% 4 635 3.9% 6 605 3.2% 6
Korea, Republic of 490 3.6% 6 580 3.5% 7 525 2.8% 7
Pakistan 525 3.8% 4 505 3.1% 8 455 2.4% 8
United States of America 295 2.1% 9 365 2.2% 9 375 2.0% 9
Kenya 225 1.6% 10 – – – –   305 1.6% 10
Iran – – – –   270 1.6% 10      
Total Top Ten 10,165 73.8%   12,350 75.1%   14,355 76.8%  
Other Countries of Citizenship 3,615 26.2%   4,095 24.9%   4,325 23.2%  
Total 13,780 100.0%   16,445 100.0%   18,680 100.0%  
*Defined by the intended destination as specified on the permit and when the intended destination is not specified for permits signed on or after January 1, 2012, the last known address of the permit holder as of December 31st of the given year is used instead.